Nepali tradition and customs are reflected in Nepali art. Nepali art is basically related with different religions, gods and goddess. Nepali art can be understood under different category like nepali painting types, sculptor and architecture. Painting is the expression of anything in the form of picture. The history of painting in Nepal is guided by religion. It is believed that painting were imported during lichchhavi period in Nepal. The copper plate of Pragyaparamita of tenth century is the earliest painting.
There are three nepali painting types
- Book painting: Paintings that are found in books such as Bhoj patra are book paintings. This nepali painting types were sketched in copper plates. Pragyaparamita was the type of Book painting. Image of Pancha Buddha, Tara, Devi were sketched on it.
- Thanka Painting: The paintings that are sketched on canvas are Thanka paintings. It is also called pauva in Nepali. Thanka are also of two types Pata and Mandala. Pats is a circular of deities and the main god is place at the centre where as in mandala there is a symbol at the centre and it is surrounded by gods. The origin of Thanka was from Tibet. It was developed by Mahayani Buddhist sect. These nepali painting types are still in practice in different tourist destination like Pokhara, Lumbini, Kathmandu. They are also exported to foreign countries.
- Wall Painting: The paintings that are sketched on the walls of temples, monastery, houses and caves are wall painting. It is also termed as Mural painting. In Nepal tradition of wall paintings are related to deities to avoid evil and witches. These nepali painting types can be widely observed in different temples and monasteries of Nepal. These paintings express the cultural and religious background of Nepal. Mithila paintings are the famous and historically important painting of Nepal. It is mainly found in Janakpur.
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